What is Transhipment..??

What is Transhipment..??

This was one of the questions asked by a reader of this blog.. A basic but an important question..

Simply put, Transhipment = the act of off-loading a container from one ship and loading it onto another ship..

Why does cargo need to be transhipped..??

In any service operated by any line there are practical restrictions in terms of coverage of ports..

There is no shipping line that can cover all ports around the world on a single service and therefore the services are segregated into trade lanes..

Example : South Africa to South East Asia, South Africa to Europe, South Africa to USA, South East Asia to Far East, Far East to USA, USA to Europe etc..

Lets say there is a liner service that connects South Africa to Far East and this service calls Singapore, Hong Kong, Port Kelang as part of its port rotation from South Africa to Far East.. Lets call this vessel A..

Lets say that there is a shipment from Durban in South Africa to Manila in Philippines.. Since this vessel A does not call Manila as part of its rotation/service, the container(s) will need to be taken off at one of the ports that vessel A calls..

Lets assume that this port is Singapore.. These container(s) will be off-loaded at Singapore and then loaded onto another vessel that operates on a route that connects Singapore to Manila.. Lets call this vessel B..

What is transhipment

So the container that left Durban on vessel A will reach Manila on vessel B via transhipment at Singapore.. The bill of lading that the customer has been issued will show Vessel A, but the arrival notification that the consignee in Manila receives will show Vessel B as that is the final discharge vessel..

Most of the big lines like MSC, Maersk etc have services covering virtually all corners of the globe via transhipment connections from one port or the other..

These lines also have what is known as Transhipment Hubs which are the ports on their service routes that have transhipment connection options to other parts of the world..

Example : MSC’s transhipment hub for their service to Australia is Port Louis, Maersk’s transhipment hub for their service to Middle East is Salalah..

This transhipment concept truly connects the world and one is able to ship a container from anywhere to anywhere in the world..


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21 comments on “What is Transhipment..??”

  1. By Danny Iskandar Reply

    Hi Hariesh,
    if we know that a transhipment is absolutely going to take effect, should we mention the transhipment port on the BL?
    if we mention the transhipment port, should it be accompanied with the date and also vessel?

  2. Pingback: How do Terminal Handling Charges (THC) work?

    • By Hariesh Manaadiar

      Hi Michael, it is not always possible for a shipping line to make a port call to every port as the volume that is being shipped to that port does not warrant a direct call.. Trust this assists..

  3. By Shafiqul Islam Reply

    If Bhutanese products be unloaded at Bangladesh border point, then carried by Bangladeshi trucks to Chittagong Port in Bangladesh and then get shipped to any third country country, should be defined as Transhipment or Transit-in-Cargo? Appreciate your clarification in detail.

    • By Hariesh Manaadiar

      Nothing specific except that if there are any hazardous or special cargo that is not allowed in the country of T/S then those regulations should be followed..

  4. By hassan Reply

    ]ُDear Mr Hariesh
    what is the difference between direct transit and in indirect transit ? also about Empty container , the client back the empty cntr to final destination or pod area

    THAnks

    Hassan

  5. By vikas padhi Reply

    Hello,
    Hariesh

    Thanks a lot for sharing valuable knowledge about shipping & freight.

    I have one query please solve it.
    What is self and non self filer ?

    • By Hariesh Manaadiar

      Hi Vikas, thanks for your kind words.. Regret I have not heard of self and non self filer.. In what context has this been used and where..??

  6. By Humayun Kabir Chowdhury Reply

    You have rightly mentioned that the big shipping companies have been able to establish global network of shipping service through the use of transshipment hub ports connected by feeder services. The information given by you is very useful for the persons involved with the industry. Thanks

  7. By Raja Ali Reply

    it’s really very nice definition. thanks for contributing and sharing such knowledge.

  8. By victor Reply

    Hello Hariesh,

    I would like to thank you for the wealth of knowledge that you are sharing in the freight industry.

    Freshmen and stalwarts alike need not look any further to gain valuable knowledge in the industry.

    Thanks for this blog.

    Kind Regards
    Victor-Cape Town

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