What is Short Ship and Short Land..??

What is Short Ship and Short Land..?? – was one of the questions asked by a reader of this blog.. A simple and basic question..

Short Ship – refers to a container that reaches the container terminal within the stack period for a certain ship, but is left behind by the operator of the vessel due to many reasons.. Reasons could include :

  1. The vessel is behind schedule and has to cut and run (terminate discharge/loading operations before all the boxes have been discharged or loaded) in order to maintain schedule.. This delay could be due to slow port operations, delays due to weather etc..
  2. To certain areas like Europe or USA where Advance Manifest Filing is required, this might have been delayed by the client and therefore the shipping line does not have the authority from customs to load this container..
  3. The container could not be found at the time of loading.. This could be due to the port have off loaded the container from the truck or train onto a stacking area in the port which is different to the area allocated for that particular vessel/voyage..
  4. The vessel has been overbooked and there is physically no space on the vessel to accommodate all the boxes that have reached the port..
  5. Box was found to be overweight and does not correspond with the weight that was declared at the time of booking/acceptance at the port..
  6. Hazardous incompatibility with other hazardous containers already on board..
  7. Any other operational reasons that might have prevented the vessel operator from loading the container on board the ship..
Short Land – refers to a container that was manifested to be discharged off a ship at a specified port, but was not discharged due to many reasons.. Reasons could include :
  1. The vessel is behind schedule and has to cut and run (terminate discharge/loading operations before all the boxes have been discharged or loaded) in order to maintain schedule.. This delay could be due to slow port operations, delays due to weather etc..
  2. Variance between manifest and bay plan.. Ex : Container was manifested to be discharged at Durban, but the bay plan of the ship showed the port of discharge to be Cape Town..
  3. The container might require direct delivery, but the consignee did not make arrangements for the same and hence the port did not allow for the container to be discharged..

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14 thoughts on “What is Short Ship and Short Land..??

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  1. Hello, i like so much this web, i have a question please

    What are the requirement to be done by the carrier [shipping line] during the situation where there is short/over landed of import cargo?

  2. dear Mr Hariesh
    the short ship or short land , this cause by line or client ?
    when the cntr cant catch the vessel then the cntr roll over to next vessel , but the storage fee who pay it

    i think most of case the client pay it .
    THanks

    Hassan

    • Hello Hassan, that depends on the reason for the short shipment/short landing.. In some countries if the container docs are not ready for shipment when the ship is in, then that may be short shipped which could be due to the client.. In some cases the short shipment could be due to shipping line issue in which case they will bear the cost..

  3. 1)Incase one of the containers of the shipment is shortshipped, the Agent can issue 2 Bills of Lading..
    2)issue an operational bill of lading

    • Good question.. If there has been any short shipping then the obvious choice would be to find the next available ship and ensure that the cargo loads on that vessel so as not to incur additional costs.. In a lot cases of short shipments, the shipper or consignee are highly inconvenienced and some of them could lose their businesses – say for example if the cargo was meant for a show or exhibition or sale etc.. In lot of these cases, the shippers and consignees will reserve the right to hold the shipping lines liable for such short shipments..

      Whether they get anywhere with holding the shipping lines liable is a story for another day.. 🙂

    • Dear Hareish,

      Thanks for the prompt reply, but would like to elaborate my question.

      If a BL has 5 containers can there be short shipment for 1 container i.e. not all containers are shipped? If this is possible then what would happen to the documentation.

      If the BL if PP then should the short shipped containers go with the same carrier.

      In air cargo part shipment goes on the same MAWB / HAWB combination but by same carrier but different flights, how would this be handled if there is no immediate vessel / voyage for it to be shipped.

      How are the short shipped consignment treated at the destination?

      Regards,
      Dewang Bhansali

  4. This site is the best for me on maritime. It educate me on so many this on cotainer issue. God bless u guys.