Category Archives: Documentation

causes of demurrage and detention

Causes of Demurrage and Detention

In one my previous articles (which is also the MOST READ article on this site) I explained the Difference between Demurrage and Detention..

After reading this, a few of my readers have asked me to explain the causes of demurrage and detention..

There are several reasons a container(s) can incur demurrage and/or detention or combined demurrage and detention.. Here are some of the major reasons..

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When does a Bill of Lading become a Contract of Carriage..??

We all know what a bill of lading is and what a contract of carriage is.. But do you know when a bill of lading become a contract of carriage..?? This article examines this question in detail..

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Certificate of Origin Shipping and Freight Resource

What is a Certificate of Origin..??

All of you have heard about a Certificate of Origin..

In this article, I will explain about what is a certificate of origin, why it is required, who issues it etc..

A Trade agreement is a contractual arrangement between countries concerning their trade relationships and how they conduct trade with each other..

Trade agreements may be bilateral or multilateral and could be in the form of Regional Trade Agreements (RTA) between two or more partners or a Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) under which developed countries grant preferential tariffs to imports from developing countries..

Customs department in the importing country may require a proof of origin in order to determine whether or not the cargo that is imported may be subjected to certain trade measures such as the preferential duty tariff (for stuff that is imported from with the PTA bloc), prohibted goods etc..

Customs in the exporting country may also require this proof of origin in countries where such trade measures are applicable for exports..

As per WCO’s (World Customs Organisation) definition, “proof of origin” means a document or statement (either in paper or electronic format) which serves as a prima facie evidence to support that the goods to which it relates satisfy the origin criteria under applicable rules of origin. It includes a certificate of origin, a self-issued certificate of origin, or a declaration of origin..

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Can I telex release a negotiable bill of lading..??

Can I telex release a negotiable bill of lading..??

Maybe because it is one of the most important documents in global trade, there seems to always be a degree of uncertainty around a bill of lading, which type to issue, how many to issue etc..

This question is part of this uncertainty and many people have doubts on what is a Telex Release, how it works and under what circumstances a Telex Release maybe issued..

In relation to what is Telex Release and how it works, you can read my article dedicated to Telex Release..

In this particular post, I will cover the circumstances under which a Telex Release maybe issued and whether a telex release can be done for a negotiable bill of lading..

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Can anyone issue a House Bill of Lading..??

Say what..!!!!!!!! Yes my thought exactly when I got this question from a reader.. But then I said to myself this is a very valid and interesting question..

What is a House Bill of Lading and can anyone issue a House Bill of Lading..?? This article examines this vital question..

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Shipper vs Agent - Case Study

Shipper vs Agent – A case study

Article discussing a dispute between a shipper and his agent relating to the shipment of the goods, ETA and freight..

This maybe an eye opener for several other people who maybe in this predicament or situation and need to know these intimate details of shipping..

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FI for Telex/Express

Difference between telex release and express release

Are telex release and express release the same..??

Telex Release and Express Release – These are terms that still confuses many people in the industry..

The confusion occurs when these terms are loosely used instead of using it in the strict sense..

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