Difference between Carrier Haulage and Merchant Haulage
Although it has been covered briefly in one of my earlier posts about the Import Process, this post is an elaboration of the same..
Carrier haulage and Merchant haulage both are related to carriage of a container from Point A to Point B but the difference is in the responsibilities of this haulage..
Below is the explanation..
Carrier Haulage : Movement of the container from Point A to Point B under the control of the shipping line using a haulage contractor nominated by the shipping line..
In this case the consignee will pay for the same at the lines rate.. This also means that when a line accepts a Carrier Haulage move, they should also accept any claims or liabilities or damages that could arise during such a move, unless it can be proved that it was caused by improper packing of the cargo etc..
Such move would generally be applicable when there is a multi modal transport involved – ex cargo moving from Antwerp to final destination Sandton (shown on bill of lading) via Durban/City Deep, where Antwerp is the Port of Load, Durban is the Port of Discharge and container is railed from Durban to City Deep (rail terminal in Johannesburg) and further carried by road to Sandton door..
Merchant Haulage : Movement of the container from Point A to Point B directly by the consignee using his nominated haulage contractor..
In this case the consignee has the choice to negotiate his own rates for the same..
In this case, the line does not bear any liability for the move and if there are any damages, they can hold the merchant liable for such damages..
Comparing above delivery scenario, Merchant can arrange haulage either from Durban by road to Sandton door directly or take delivery of the container from City Deep and further move it to Sandton door by road..