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When does a Bill of Lading become a Contract of Carriage..??

We all know what a bill of lading is and what a contract of carriage is.. But do you know when a bill of lading become a contract of carriage..?? This article examines this question in detail..

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shipper owned container and carrier owned container

What is the difference between a shipper owned container and carrier owned container ??

What is the difference between a shipper owned container and a carrier owned container..??

A shipper owned container is a container owned by the shipper of the goods and a carrier owned container is a container owned by a carrier..

But the question may be a bit deeper than just the difference in definition between the two.. Let’s see..

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Certificate of Origin Shipping and Freight Resource

What is a Certificate of Origin..??

All of you have heard about a Certificate of Origin..

In this article, I will explain about what is a certificate of origin, why it is required, who issues it etc..

A Trade agreement is a contractual arrangement between countries concerning their trade relationships and how they conduct trade with each other..

Trade agreements may be bilateral or multilateral and could be in the form of Regional Trade Agreements (RTA) between two or more partners or a Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) under which developed countries grant preferential tariffs to imports from developing countries..

Customs department in the importing country may require a proof of origin in order to determine whether or not the cargo that is imported may be subjected to certain trade measures such as the preferential duty tariff (for stuff that is imported from with the PTA bloc), prohibted goods etc..

Customs in the exporting country may also require this proof of origin in countries where such trade measures are applicable for exports..

As per WCO’s (World Customs Organisation) definition, “proof of origin” means a document or statement (either in paper or electronic format) which serves as a prima facie evidence to support that the goods to which it relates satisfy the origin criteria under applicable rules of origin. It includes a certificate of origin, a self-issued certificate of origin, or a declaration of origin..

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south african blog awards

Shipping and Freight Resource is participating in the South African Blog Awards 2017

Dear readers thanks your votes and support, this blog won the Best Educational Blog in the SA Blog Awards 2016..

I am pleased to announce that this year again my educational blog on shipping and freight, Shipping and Freight Resource is in the running for the South African Blog Awards 2017..

The blog will compete in the category for Best Educational Blog and I seek/need your support to win this again.. 🙂 

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TOC Comes to Africa

TOC comes to Africa in December 2017

TOC (originally an abbreviation for Terminal Operations Conference) has long been considered best in class by container terminal operators and their suppliers..

Over time, TOC has evolved and continues to deliver the highest quality technical content in line with their heritage..

For the first time, the TOC Conference will be held in Durban in South Africa on the 5th and 6th of December 2017 as TOC Africa..

This inaugural conference in Africa which is really an event for the whole of Africa will be held under the heading “Improving Trade Flow Across Africa” – Enabling Africa’s ports and port cities to drive the Continent’s growth and development agenda..

Tech TOC is one of the tracks in this TOC Africa Conference and I am pleased to inform you that I will be speaking at this conference about “SKILLS & TALENT DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICAN PORTS”..

Do visit this conference and show your support.. If you quote my name and contact Suzanne.tiago@toc-events.com you will receive a 25% discount off of delegate passes for TOC Africa..

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