What is the difference between pre-carriage and on-carriage

This is one of the topics many people are unsure of.. A simple description would be

  • Pre-Carriage – Anything that happens BEFORE the container is loaded
  • On-Carriage – Anything that happens AFTER the container is discharged

To explain further :

Pre-Carriage – is the term given to any inland movement activity that takes place prior to the container being loaded at a port of loading.. Such activity can take place at the same location as the port of loading, or at a location close to the port of loading.. Example : Empty container is released in Johannesburg and moved to Pretoria for packing and then moved by road or rail to Durban port.. This activity is known as PRE-CARRIAGE.. If the activity is performed by the shipping line on behalf of the client, that is called Carrier Haulage..  In this case, normally the bill of lading shows place of origin as Pretoria.. If the activity is performed by the client or their transporter, that is called Merchant Haulage..

On-Carriage – is the term given to any inland movement activity that takes place after the container is discharged at a port of discharge.. Such activity can take place at the same location as the port of discharge, or at a location close to the port of discharge.. Example : Full container is discharged at Durban and then moved by rail to Johannesburg City Deep terminal and then further moved by road to Sasolburg for unpacking.. This activity is known as ON-CARRIAGE.. If the activity is performed by the shipping line on behalf of the client, that is called Carrier Haulage.. In this case, normally the bill of lading shows final destination as Sasolburg.. If the activity is performed by the client or their transporter, that is called Merchant Haulage..



You can share your views about above article here..

7 comments on “What is the difference between pre-carriage and on-carriage

  1. mojgan says:

    Hi,can you explain how pre-carriage and on-carriage risks are covered by P&I Insurance ?

  2. SILVANA says:

    WHAT DOES POINT OF ORGIN REFER TO

    1. Manaadiar says:

      Hi Silvana, Point of Origin is the place where is available, ready to pack into the container.. If the carrier is doing the pre-carriage, then their responsibility will start from the Point of Origin..

  3. Charm says:

    Noted with many thanks your sharing information.
    Could you explain more detail about item “Precarriage by” on Bill of Lading?

    Thanks so much, awaiting for your feedback.

    1. Manaadiar says:

      Hi Charm, Pre-Carriage By on a bill of lading refers to a feeder vessel from a small port to a hub port where the container will be transhipped onto the mother vessel to perform the main ocean leg.. As an example you can say a shipment from Sharjah in the UAE to Durban in South Africa via Jebel Ali in the UAE.. The leg from Sharjah to Jebel Ali will be performed by a feeder vessel say vessel XYZ and the leg from Jebel Ali to Durban will be done by a mother vessel say ABC.. So the bill of lading issued by the carrier will show Pre-Carriage By XYZ and in the field Ocean Vessel, the name ABC will be shown as that is the main vessel that will transit the Indian Ocean to bring the cargo to Durban..

      Trust above is clear..