Parts of a bill of lading – Part 2
This is Part 2 of a 4 part article.. In case you missed it, please read Part 1..
In this article we will cover the details relating to the voyage..
Pre-Carriage by : Assume that there is an inland point which is connected to the mainland port by means of a feeder (connecting) vessel, the name of that feeder vessel is shown here.. Example – Maputo to Durban by feeder vessel Border..
Place of Receipt : This is the place where the cargo is handed over by the shipper or his agent to the carrier (shipping line) or its agent ..
This is very important in terms of the contract of carriage between the shipper and the shipping line.. If this area is filled, it is assumed that the carrier has done the movement from here to the Port of Loading and if there any incidents, damages etc to the container or cargo between the Place of Receipt and Port of Loading, the liability will be that of the carrier..
So the shipping line must be careful not to show anything in the Place of Receipt if they are not actually doing the movement..
Port of Loading : This is the place from which the container or cargo is loaded by the carrier onto the nominated Ocean Vessel..
Ocean Vessel/Voyage : This is the name of the vessel and the voyage number that carries the container or cargo from the (mainland) Port of Loading (example Durban) to the Port of Discharge (example Mumbai).. Remember that the combination of vessel and voyage will be unique and never repeated (well almost never)..
Port of Discharge : This is the place at which the container or cargo is discharged by the carrier from the nominated Ocean Vessel..
Place of Delivery : This is the final destination of the container or cargo.. If this area is filled (example : ICD Bengaluru), it means that the carrier has undertaken to move the container or cargo from the Port of Discharge to the Place of Delivery..
Again as in the case of Place of Receipt, the shipping line must be careful when showing anything in this field as then, it will be liable to deliver the container or cargo in good order and condition to this place of delivery..
If there is a Place of Delivery shown in the B/L, generally the carrier does not allow the client (merchant) to take delivery of the container or cargo at the Port of Discharge and move it to the Place of Delivery, reason being that if anything happens to the container or cargo enroute to the Place of Delivery, the carrier may still be held liable..