NVOCC = Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier is ALMOST the same as a Freight Forwarder in terms of his activities.. However there are some differences which separate these two entities..
- The NVOCC can and sometimes do own and operate their own or leased containers whereas a Freight Forwarder does not..
- In certain countries like USA, the NVOCC operators are required to file their tariffs with the government regulatory bodies and create a public tariff..
- NVOCC is in certain areas accorded the status of a virtual “carrier” and in certain cases accepts all liabilities of a carrier
- A Freight Forwarding company can act as an agent/partner for a NVOCC..
Apart from the above major differences, all other activities between these two entities are similar to each other.. NVOCC is basically a “carrier to shippers” and “shipper to carriers”.. You can read more about this in my previous post reg the back to back bill of lading (http://shippinginsouthafrica.wordpress.com/2009/11/23/what-is-a-back-to-back-shipment/)